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VWAP Indicator: A Comprehensive Guide for Traders Understanding Point of Control: A Guide for Investors and Traders
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Understanding Volume-by-Price: A Comprehensive Guide


The Volume-by-Price Indicator (VBP) is a technical analysis tool that combines price and volume data to help traders and investors identify key price levels where significant trading activity has occurred. Paul Dysart developed this indicator in the 1930s, and traders have widely used it to analyze a particular security’s supply and demand dynamics. In this article, we will delve deeper into the different variations of the Volume-by-Price Indicator, such as Anchored Volume by Price, Volume Profile for Visible Range, and Manually Measured Volume Profiles. We will also discuss the significance of the Point of Control (PoC) and other important concepts like volume nodes, gaps, and shelves.

Calculation of the Volume-by-Price Indicator

To calculate the Volume-by-Price Indicator, the following formula is used:

VBP = (Price Range * Volume) / Total Volume

The price range is typically divided into equal segments or price zones, with each zone’s volume added up. The result is a histogram that displays the volume of trading activity at each price level.

Anchored Volume by Price

Anchored Volume by Price is a variation of the traditional VBP that allows traders to set a specific starting point for the analysis. This technique is particularly useful for identifying volume patterns around specific events, like earnings announcements or significant news releases. By anchoring the VBP to a particular date, traders can gain insights into how market participants reacted to the event and identify key support and resistance levels formed as a result.

Volume Profile for Visible Range

Volume Profile for Visible Range is another variation of the VBP that focuses on the volume distribution within the visible range of a price chart. This approach provides a real-time snapshot of the market’s current supply and demand dynamics, enabling traders to identify potential areas of support and resistance more efficiently. Moreover, as the visible range changes with the chart’s zoom level, traders can analyze different timeframes and price levels more effectively.

Manually Measured Volume Profiles

Manually Measured Volume Profiles are custom volume profiles created by traders to analyze specific price ranges or timeframes. This technique offers more flexibility and control over the analysis, as traders can focus on particular areas of interest and disregard irrelevant data. Manually measured volume profiles can be particularly useful for examining specific market events or testing various trading strategies.

Point of Control (PoC) and Volume Nodes

The Point of Control (PoC) is a crucial concept in VBP analysis, representing the price level with the highest trading volume. The PoC often acts as a magnet, attracting the price towards it and serving as a strong support or resistance level.

Volume nodes, also known as volume shelves, are areas with significant trading activity. These nodes can indicate potential support or resistance levels, as prices are often “pulled” towards them. On the other hand, gaps in the volume profile, also referred to as voids or valleys, imply low resistance zones where prices can move more freely.

Factors Contributing to Volume Nodes and Gaps

Volume nodes can form due to two main factors: extended periods of range-bound trading or substantial interest in buying or selling at a specific level. When a security trades within a narrow range for an extended period, a large volume node is formed, indicating strong support and resistance levels. Similarly, significant news or events can generate substantial buying or selling interest at a specific price, resulting in a volume node.

Gaps in the volume profile, on the other hand, are typically caused by fast-moving prices on low volume. These voids or valleys represent areas of little resistance, allowing prices to move more swiftly through them.

Example scanner based on Volume-by-Price Indicator

The Volume-by-Price Indicator can be used in Scanning the market. To see how exactly it can be used in this way, we provide the following sample. The scanner searches the market for stocks using this indicator.

"Volume-by-Price Indicator Bullish" scanner by ILuvMarkets
“Volume-by-Price Indicator Bullish” scanner by ILuvMarkets

How to Use the Volume-by-Price Indicator in Trading

  1. Identifying Support and Resistance Levels: The VBP indicator can help traders identify key support and resistance levels by highlighting areas with high trading volume. These levels often form as a result of extended periods of range-bound trading or significant buying/selling interest at specific prices.
  2. Analyzing Gaps and Voids in Volume Profile: Gaps or voids in the volume profile represent low resistance zones, where prices can move more freely compared to areas with high volume. Traders can utilize this information to anticipate potential price movements and identify strategic entry and exit points.
  3. Understanding Market Dynamics: By examining volume distribution, traders can gain insights into how prices behave within specific ranges. For instance, when a price is stuck between Logo of XX and Y for an extended period, it may form a large volume node, indicating strong support and resistance. Similarly, big news about a company may result in a volume spike at a specific price level, reflecting heightened interest among market participants.
  4. Detecting Price Reversals and Breakouts: The VBP indicator can help traders spot potential price reversals and breakouts by monitoring changes in volume distribution. Fast-moving prices on low volume can create voids or valleys with little resistance, signaling a possible trend change or a breakout opportunity.
  5. Timing Entry and Exit Points: Combining the VBP analysis with other technical indicators and price action patterns can help traders identify optimal entry and exit points by pinpointing areas of strong support or resistance, as well as low resistance zones.

Advantages of the Volume-by-Price Indicator

  1. Enhanced Price Analysis: The VBP indicator provides a more comprehensive view of price action by incorporating volume data, allowing traders to better understand supply and demand dynamics.
  2. Identification of Key Price Levels: The VBP can reveal critical price levels where significant trading activity has occurred, which may be instrumental in making informed trading decisions.
  3. Versatility in Analyzing Market Dynamics: The VBP indicator’s ability to identify support and resistance levels, analyze gaps and voids in volume profiles, and detect price reversals and breakouts makes it a versatile tool for understanding market dynamics and informing trading strategies.

Limitations of the Volume-by-Price Indicator

  1. Subjectivity in Price Range Selection: The choice of price ranges used to calculate the VBP can be subjective and may impact the accuracy of the indicator. The subjectivity of price range selection can be a significant limitation because it may lead to inconsistent results among traders and hinder the indicator’s reliability. Anchoring the VBP helps address this issue by allowing traders to focus on specific events or timeframes. By setting a starting point for the analysis, traders can eliminate irrelevant data and concentrate on the market dynamics around essential events, making the VBP more accurate and dependable.
  2. Inefficiency in Illiquid Markets: The VBP might be less effective in analyzing securities with low trading volumes, as the indicator relies heavily on volume data to derive meaningful insights. In illiquid markets, the volume profile may not accurately represent the true supply and demand dynamics, which can limit the indicator’s usefulness in identifying key support and resistance levels.
  3. Reliance on Historical Data: While the VBP indicator provides valuable insights into historical price and volume patterns, it does not offer predictive capabilities for future price movements. Traders must combine the VBP with other technical and fundamental analysis tools to make well-informed decisions based on a comprehensive understanding of the market.

Understanding Value Area

The “Value Area” is a term used in technical analysis representing a range where a specified percentage of total volume has occurred. In other words, it is an area where the bulk of trading activity takes place, indicating that traders find the price levels within this range to be fair and reasonable. The Value Area is usually calculated within the context of a Volume Profile, a histogram of volume at price, displayed on the chart’s vertical axis. The Value Area is then determined as the price range where a certain percentage of the total volume has occurred.

Value Area in TrendSpider

In TrendSpider, the “Value Area” is a key feature used with the volume-by-price indicator chart. It is calculated by identifying the price levels where at least 70% of the total volume was traded – forming the Value Area. This area provides valuable insights into the levels at which the majority of traders have agreed on price. By understanding the Value Area, traders can discern potential support and resistance levels, comprehend market sentiment, and make more informed trading decisions.

The Bottom Line

The Volume-by-Price Indicator is a valuable tool for traders and investors looking to analyze the market’s underlying structure and identify key support and resistance levels. By combining price and volume data, the VBP provides insights into a security’s supply and demand dynamics, offering a more comprehensive view of price action. However, considering the indicator’s limitations, such as its lagging nature and subjectivity in price range selection, is essential. As with any technical indicator, the VBP should be used in conjunction with other forms of analysis, including fundamental analysis, to ensure a well-rounded understanding of the market and make more informed trading decisions.


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VWAP Indicator: A Comprehensive Guide for Traders Understanding Point of Control: A Guide for Investors and Traders