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Understanding Japanese Candlesticks: The Basics
3 mins read

Introduction to Chart Types

Charts are an essential tool in trading, providing valuable information about the price movements of financial instruments. Traders use charts to identify trends, patterns, and potential opportunities for profitable trades. However, with so many different types of charts available, it can be overwhelming to decide which one to use. In this article, we will provide an introduction to the most common chart types used in trading.

Japanese Candlestick Charts

Japanese candlestick charts are one of the most widely used chart types. Each candlestick displays four pieces of information for a specific time interval (such as a day, week, or hour): the opening price, the closing price, the highest price, and the lowest price.

The body of each candlestick represents the difference between the opening and closing prices, while the “wicks” or “shadows” on either end represent the range between the high and low prices. If the closing price is higher than the opening price, the body of the candlestick is typically displayed as white or green. If the closing price is lower than the opening price, the body is typically displayed as black or red.

Japanese candlestick charts are particularly useful for identifying trends, as well as for detecting key support and resistance levels, reversals, and other price patterns.

Japanese Candlestick Pattern

Range Bar Charts

Range bar charts are built using price ranges instead of time intervals. Each bar represents a fixed price range, such as $1 or $2. A new bar is created when the price moves outside the range of the previous bar.

Range bar charts allow traders to see trends and price action more clearly, regardless of how long it takes for a price move to occur. They are particularly useful for identifying support and resistance levels and for filtering out noise and volatility.

Range Bar Charts

Hollow Candlestick Charts

Hollow candlestick charts, similar to Japanese candlestick charts, provide information about the opening price, the closing price, the highest price, and the lowest price of each time interval.

Hollow candles differ in how the color of each candle is determined and whether the candle is filled in or hollow. A candle is hollow if the current candle’s close is greater than the open (bullish) and filled in if the current candle’s close is lower than the open (bearish). A candle is green or white if the current candle’s close is greater than the previous candle’s close and red or black if the current candle’s close is lower than the previous candle’s close.

Hollow candlestick charts are used to identify trends, patterns, and potential trading opportunities based on the price movements of an asset over time.

Hollow Candlestick charts

Heikin-Ashi Charts

Heikin-Ashi charts are a type of candlestick chart that is similar to the traditional candlestick charts, but they use a modified formula using the previous candle’s prices to calculate the opening, closing, high, and low prices for the current candle. “Heikin-Ashi” translates to “average bar” in English.

Heikin-Ashi charts are smoother and less noisy than traditional candlestick charts. This makes it easier for traders to identify trends and momentum and to filter out false signals and noise.

Heikin Ashi Chart

Raindrop Charts

Raindrop Charts are a new type of chart that combines price action, volume, and sentiment into a simple, powerful chart visualization. Each “raindrop” shows the high price and low price of a time interval as well as the VWAP for the first and second halves of the time interval. Additionally, the shape of each half of the raindrop represents a chart of the volume-at-price for each half of the time interval, rotated 90 degrees and joined together to form the raindrop.

Raindrop Charts give traders an extra edge in the market by incorporating volume and eliminating somewhat arbitrary data points like open and close prices. They are particularly useful for identifying breakouts, fakeouts, and points of market indecision.

Raindrop Charts

Renko Charts

Renko charts are similar to range bars in that they use fixed price intervals instead of time intervals. However, instead of drawing bars, Renko charts use bricks to represent price movements. A new brick is added only when the price has moved a certain distance from the previous brick in the same direction.

Renko charts allow traders to filter out noise and volatility and focus on significant price movements and trends.

Renko Chart@300x

Point-and-Figure Charts

Point-and-figure charts are a unique type of chart that does not use time intervals at all. Instead, they focus on price movements and display them as X’s and O’s. An X is added when the price moves up by a certain amount, and an O is added when the price moves down by the same amount. This creates a series of columns that can be used to identify trends and support/resistance levels.

Point-and-figure charts are particularly useful for long-term analysis and for identifying key price levels and patterns.

The Bottom Line

In conclusion, there are many different types of charts that traders and investors can use to analyze financial markets. Each chart type has its own strengths and weaknesses, and different traders may prefer different chart types. Ultimately, the choice of which chart type to use will depend on a variety of factors, including the trader’s experience, risk tolerance, and trading goals. It is important to experiment with different chart types and find the one that works best for each individual trader’s needs.

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