# Basic Backtesting Metrics

Backtesting is a crucial step in assessing the viability and effectiveness of trading strategies. By simulating trades using historical data, traders can gain insights into the performance and potential risks associated with their strategies.

In this article, we will explore the basic backtesting metrics provided by TrendSpider’s Strategy Tester and their significance in evaluating strategies.

## Basic Backtesting Metrics Defined

The following basic backtesting metrics are available in TrendSpider’s Strategy Tester within the Tabular Data section, which displays them in a clear and organized manner. By providing a comprehensive overview of the strategy’s performance and trade statistics, the Strategy Tester empowers traders to make data-driven decisions and gain valuable insights into the strengths and weaknesses of their trading strategies.

1. Net Performance: Net Performance represents the overall performance of the strategy during the backtest period. It is measured as a percentage and indicates the net gain or loss generated by the strategy.
2. Positions: Positions represents the total number of positions generated by the strategy during the backtest. Each position represents a trade or a set of trades with a specific entry and exit point.
3. Wins: Wins represents the percentage of trades that resulted in a profit. A higher percentage indicates a higher win rate for the strategy.
4. Win Streak, avg: Win Streak, avg. calculates the average number of consecutive winning trades. This metric helps assess the strategy’s ability to generate profitable trades consistently.
5. Win Streak, max: Win Streak, max. represents the maximum number of consecutive winning trades. This metric provides insights into the strategy’s best winning streak.
6. Losses: Losses represents the percentage of trades that resulted in a loss. A lower percentage indicates a higher percentage of profitable trades.
7. Loss Streak, avg: Loss Streak, avg. calculates the average number of consecutive losing trades. It helps assess the strategy’s ability to withstand losing streaks.
8. Loss Streak, max: Loss Streak, max. represents the maximum number of consecutive losing trades experienced by the strategy. This metric provides insights into the strategy’s worst losing streak.
9. Max DD (Max Drawdown): Max Drawdown measures the largest percentage decline in the strategy’s overall equity from a peak to a subsequent trough. It indicates the maximum loss suffered by the strategy at any point during the backtest.
10. Average Win: Average Win calculates the average return for winning trades. This metric provides insights into the average profitability of successful trades.
11. Average Loss: Average Loss calculates the average return for losing trades. This metric helps assess the average magnitude of losses incurred by the strategy.
12. Average Return: Average Return calculates the average return for all trades, whether they are winners or losers. This metric gives an overall picture of the average profitability of the strategy’s trades.
13. Rew/Risk Ratio (Reward-to-Risk Ratio): The Reward-to-Risk Ratio is calculated by dividing the average win by the average loss. This ratio provides insights into the potential reward relative to the risk taken by the strategy.
14. Avg. Length (Average Length): Average Length represents the average duration of a position, measured in candlestick periods. This metric helps assess the average holding period of trades generated by the strategy.
15. Trades/Day: Trades/Day calculates the average number of trades executed per day during the backtest. This metric provides insights into the frequency of trading activity.
16. Trades/Month: Trades/Month calculates the average number of trades executed per month during the backtest. This metric provides insights into the monthly trading activity of the strategy.

These metrics collectively provide a comprehensive evaluation of the strategy’s performance during the backtest period.

## The Bottom Line

In conclusion, backtesting metrics play a vital role in evaluating trading strategies. These metrics provide a holistic view of the strategy’s performance and help traders make informed decisions about strategy optimization, risk mitigation, and trade execution. It is essential to analyze these metrics collectively and compare them against benchmarks or industry standards to assess the strategy’s competitiveness. By leveraging these metrics, traders can enhance their understanding of their trading strategies and improve their chances of achieving long-term success in the financial markets.

## Related:

• Strategy Development